Animal welfare organizations point to the proliferation of numerous illegal pet shops and breeders as one of the major causes behind Kerala’s stray dog outbreak and the state government’s failure to deal with the rise in cases of the stray dog. rage. They claim that several animals are dumped on the streets by pet stores and breeders, where they end up getting sick.
They are challenging the blatant indifference of the Kerala government in enforcing dog breeding and marketing rules of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (2017) and Pet Shops Rules (2018) (PCAAA) .
The State Animal Welfare Board (AWB), the statutory law enforcement agency, requires dog breeders to be licensed. They are required by license to provide the bare minimum of amenities to ensure the welfare of the dogs.
One of the factors contributing to the increase in dog attacks in Kerala is the abandonment of purebred dogs by illicit dog breeders. Every day we rescue a large number of dogs, and almost all of them ended up abandoned. They often become aggressive when suddenly released after spending their entire lives in enclosed spaces, according to AWB member and People for Animals (PFA) administrator Maria Jacob.
She said no pet stores or breeders in the area have the necessary registration or license. The government has yet to bring the Pet Shops Regulations into force, despite having an effective date of 2018. The provision of the rule is intended to ensure that animals kept in pet shops have adequate living conditions.
MN Jayachandran, animal rights activist and former member of the Animal Welfare Board of India, said: “Animal farming in backyards has grown tremendously and is having a bad influence on native species. Animals are not properly examined by veterinarians. Kerala receives exotic breeds of dogs, aquarium fish and other animals from all over the world. Here, illegal farming is also prevalent and is undoubtedly a multi-billion dollar industry. All of this takes place directly in front of the authorities.
“The state government should decide whether or not to enforce the restrictions in the state,” according to a senior livestock department official.
The official said, “A policy decision needs to be made and a district-level mechanism needs to be established to process registration and license applications for livestock and pet businesses.